Pharmacopoeia in Ancient Egypt

Luigia Melillo Corleto


Ancient Egyptian pharmacological science is high part of the Egyptian medicine, as evidenced by the so- called pharmacological papyrus Ebers, which contains prescriptions with different kinds of components of vegetable, mineral and animal origin. These data suggest that Egyptian pharmacopeia had an exceptional complexity in the whole of ancient medicine. Egyptian medical knowledge influenced Mediterranean civilizations, as evidenced not only by the Greek translations of names of components but also by the Egyptian and Egyptian-like prescriptions found in the Corpus Hippocraticum. 


Key words: Pharmacopoeia - Ancient Egypt - Medicine - Greek translation 

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