The Alienism and the Anatomoclinical Mentality: the Work of J.E.D Esquirol

Rafael Huertas


This Article tries to analyze the influence that the anatomoclinical mentality exercised on the French alienism of the first half of the 19th Century, using the work of J.E.D. Esquirol (1722-1840) as the main source of information. In order to succeed this analysis will be based on the importance granted to the discovery of the anatomical lesion and the role that autopsies played in the reflections conserning the etiology and the self-same nature of maddnes. Furthermore, it will be analysed the origins of a psychiatric semiology, based on anatomical formas, with regard to the differentiation established between hallucinations and illusions, both considered as symptoms with psychical signs values and not as causes of madness. 


Key words: History of Psychiatry - Semiology - 19th Century - France 

Full Text:


Copyright (c) 2018 Medicina nei Secoli