BIODEMOGRAPHIC AND PALEOPATHOLOGICAL RECONSTRUCTION OF THE LOST ROMAN INSEDIAMENT OF CARBIA

Maria Rita Serra, Valeria Pomponi, Alessandra La Fragola, Daniela Rovina, Antonio Brunetti, Maria Alessandra Sotgiu, Vittorio Mazzarello, Pasquale Bandiera

Abstract


The hill of Monte Carru (Alghero) has brought to light a necropolis of Roman Empire, (1st-3rd century AD). The necropolis shows different burial rituals with 200 cremations and 150 inhumations. This necropolis can be attributed to the Roman settlement of Carbia, mentioned by the Antoninian Itinerary, a document written during Caracallas time (212-217 AD), which was probably located in this area but it hasnt been found yet. The aims of the research are the preliminary constitutional and biodemographic reconstruction of this population, through sex and age determination, the reconstruction of the health condition and the lifestyle of the population. The analysis has shown higher percentage of adult individuals (47% males and 36% females) with average age of death of 19/35 years. Important the low percentage of pathologies and a sexual dimorphism in enthesopathies. The paleodiet analysis of bones, performed by XRF of trace elements, showed an almost constant presence of Zinc and Stronzium due to an essentially omnivorous diet.

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