Health Education in Italy: Towards An Increasingly Active Citizens Role. A Historical Overview with a Focus on Perugia's Experience

Vincenza Gianfredi, Valeria Parisi, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Mariano Martini, Lialiana Minelli, Daniele Nucci

Abstract


We provide a historical overview of the evolution of the concept of health promotion and education in Italy, focusing especially on the experience of the Experimental Centre for Health Promotion and Education (CeSPES), University of Perugia. By reviewing the documents and the scientific production of the CeSPES, we describe its achievements and contributions to the field, as well as its future prospects. New digital infrastructures and information and communication technologies (ICTs) could offer, indeed, unprecedented possibilities for actively involving and empowering citizens and patients, even though there is an urgent need to validate the online health-related material, which is sometimes of poor quality and misleading. The training of health education professionals still remains a priority, in that training is central not only to increase citizens health literacy, but also to promote their empowerment, as well as to cope with new challenges, such as those imposed by migrants and the Web.

Key words: Migrant Health - Web - Health Promotion and Education -

Empowerment


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