Historical Evolution of the Surgical Anatomy of the Liver

Giuseppe Pappalardo, Fabrizio Maria Frattaroli, Giovanni Illomei, A. Guadalaxara, B. Ravo


The Authors report the history of the anatomy and surgical anatomy of the liver from the paleolithic age up to now. Particular emphasis has been reserved to the changing anatomical knowledgement in these last decades which represents the basis of the modern surgery of the liver. 


Key words: History - Liver - Surgical Anatomy - Hepatic Segments

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