Healing with Dung: The Crocodile

Serena Buzzi, Chiara Zanforlini


Animal dung has always been used as part of medicines; even if magic played an important role in ancient medicine, doctors of past centuries have considered for centuries dung as an effective drug. This paper discusses the use of excrements in ancient Egyptian, Greek, Roman and Byzantine medicine, in particular crocodile dung. Crocodile were familiar animals for those who lived along the Nile, but with Ptolemaic era, also the Greeks (and then the Romans) became acquainted with this reptile, also cosmetically and from a medical point of view.

Key words: Crocodile - Dung - Ancient Egypt - Greek medicine

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